|The meeting and mixing of a variety of peoples to Nicaragua constituted an important heritage, and gave birth to a colorful, cheerful and creative culture.Although these cultural manifestations are little known worldwide, their variety and color can guarantee an interesting discovery for their viewers.Similarly, the hospitality and friendliness of Nicaraguans are recognized by visitors who have the opportunity to meet. Here is a glimpse of the culture of the “Nicas”.|
|Language / Language / Nicaraguan popular speech|
|In his speech, Nicaraguans can be confianzudos or respectful, as the case. a variety of localism is used, so that Nicaraguans like to say that their language is “nicañol” (Nicaraguan Spanish).Nicaragua is part of the Latin American countries using the “you” instead of “you” as the second person singular. In elementary school and grammar classes are taught to combine with you, but in everyday life and socialization always reigns “vos”.
As a term of respect, Nicaraguans use “you” (Latin term that comes as a diminutive of the Spanish colonial expression “your worship”). For adults will usually receive is “you”, and is also used as a demonstration of respect for people who are just known. Don Rafael, Dona Sofia, Don Mario, for example, when referring to a person older, usually “gift” or “Mrs.” is reversed.
The Nicaraguan accent has details that make it identifiable. For example, when talking is not pronounced the “s” at the end of words, and their sound is replaced by a kind of soft and short “j”. As for the “cantadito” speaking, there are differences between urban and rural areas: in urban is fairly linear, and rural pronounced strongly stressed syllables.
|Religious festivals / View Calendar Calendar Religious holidays|
|The celebrations of religious origin are always crowded and bustling in Nicaragua, and it is these that come to light dances, music and traditional performances.Every city and town has its own “patron saint”, which was chosen or imposed since colonial times. When the locals celebrate their devotion to their saint, the popular “fiestas” that extend for several days, or even months, as in the case of Masaya occur. These festivals are very colorful and hectic in many parts of Nicaragua, and are true examples of traditional culture.
Many of his assistants do not come by true religious devotion, but because they are a matter of meeting and cultural identification. However, there are also many who come and feed the event with their religious fervor and mysticism.
|The music and dances|
|Nicaraguan traditional music born of inheritance and, in many cases, fusion of the culture of indigenous peoples, European colonists and African peoples, and so does the folkloric dance.The dances and traditional music born in different regions of the country, and although still generally considered representative of their homeland, and Nicaraguans nationwide consider them part of their own cultural identity. Thus Africanized Caribbean dances are danced in the Pacific and the northern dances are interpreted in the South. Let’s look at the music and dance of national folklore by representative cultural areas:
Pacific : here a creative fusion between the indigenous and the Spanish came, and it turned out very colorful dances and various folk music. In Carazo, drums and flutes accompany indigenous bailantes whose clothes show the indigenous-Spanish duality. The dances and music of the area ‘s best – known are the Toro Huaco and El Macho Güegüense or mouse. In Masaya dances already have a mixed identity, especially. During these women wear huipil (female cotton shirt) and long skirt, and men cotona (traditional male shirt Nicaragua) white pants, hat and sandals. The dances usually represent a courtship of gentle movements, between flirtatious men and women toiling. The music is “are unique” created by Camilo Zapata a guitar rasqueo own traditional Nicaraguan music, always accompanied by the representative of Nicaragua folklore instrument: the wooden marimba.
North and Central : in the mountainous regions of northern and central Nicaragua is seen mostly European heritage provided by the Spanish and German colonies settled in the region. Here are representative especially mazurkas and polkas.
Caribbean : cultural expression par excellence of the Nicaraguan Caribbean are Africanized dances and sounds, although the Indian tribes also make their contribution. The rhythm and dance representative of that area is the Maypole, born in the region of Bluefields, and has a rate of very energetic percussion, with men and women bailantes contornan their bodies in sensual movements.
Some Nicaraguan composers have also dabbled in well-known Latin American rhythms. So you can hear cumbias and salsas born in Nicaragua.
During employers and regional parties come to light units Nicaraguan popular music are the philharmonic or “chicha” groups. Its members usually play two or three trumpets, a clarinet, a trombone a sousaphone, and, percussion, bass drum, cymbals and snare drum. The music they play is very energetic and sticky.
|Composers Musicians / Current Artists|
|Large current representatives and creators of Nicaraguan folkloric music are Carlos and Luis Enrique Mejia Godoy (composers and rescuers) and Don Otto de la Rocha brothers.During the 70s and 80s, revolutionary guerrillas and the subsequent war in defense of the revolution, came to light in Nicaragua rhythms of trova and Latin American trova, used to protest against social injustice or appeal to a “better tomorrow”, the or patriotism ecological conservation. Over time, trova became a rhythm used in Nicaraguan artistic creation and thus part of their culture. Well known in this genre is the Guardabarranco Duo, composed of Katia and Salvador Cardenal brothers.
It could be considered within the Nicaraguan music production, alternative and hard rock due to the large segment of young people who like this genre, and for the many bands that emerged in different parts of the country and make their own creations.
A separate point of folcklor should be noted in music and dance, is that Nicaraguans are very fond of dancing party and international Latin rhythms like salsa, merengue, bachata or reggaeton today.
|Literature / Intellectuals writers|
|Nicaraguan literary artistic production is extensive and has been recognized worldwide representatives.The first great work of Nicaraguan letters is the bailete comedy “The Güegüense or Macho Mouse”, which was published in Carazo in the seventeenth century, written in Nahuatl and Castilian. The work, by an anonymous author, recreates characters from colonial times in Nicaragua. It indigenous and Spanish elements are mixed in both the accompanying music, and theatrical characters.
Its name comes from its main character, Güegüense, which in turn is derived from the Nahuatl word “Güegüe” which means “old”. The Güegüense uses his acute cunning to deceive, ridicule and overcome the impositions of characters representing the Spanish colonial authorities. This theater piece was recently declared a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO, because it represents a peaceful indigenous resistance to the imposition of authority and violence of the Spaniards.
Nicaraguan literary representation to the world rests on the figure of the writer and poet Ruben Dario (1867-1916), recognized in the Spanish-speaking world as one of the creators of modernism. His work is extensive and was translated into several languages, and its contribution to literature in Castilian is recognized by enriching it with cosmopolitan starts.
Nicaragua has been and is a land of storytellers and poets. Currently, the most recognized modern literary authors are internationally Ernesto Cardenal, Gioconda Belli and Sergio Ramirez.